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Nearsightedness (Myopia) Treatment

An introduction to nearsightedness (myopia)

  • Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a vision condition in which you can see close objects clearly, but see objects farther away blurred.
  • Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly and distant objects look blurred.
  • People with nearsightedness can temporarily correct it with glasses or contact lenses. For a more permanent and cost effective solution, myopia laser eye surgery changes the shape of the front part of the eye to cure nearsightedness.

Nearsightedness symptoms and lifestyle impacts

  • You may have blurry vision when looking at distant objects
  • You may feel the need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see more clearly
  • You may experience headaches caused by eyestrain
  • You may have difficulty seeing while driving a car and might notice this mainly at night
 Causes of nearsightedness

Causes of nearsightedness

Also known as nearsightedness, myopia happens when the eyeball is too long from front to back, or the eye’s focusing mechanism is too strong. This causes light rays to be focused in front of, rather than on, the retina.

People with myopia have difficulty seeing distant objects. We can correct this refractive abnormality with a minus (negative or concave) lens. The image below illustrates where the light focuses in normal vision and in a nearsighted eye.

Nearsightedness examination in Toronto

Despite it being obvious they need glasses or contact lenses, many people don’t know whether they are farsighted or nearsighted. An eye doctor or eye surgeon can conduct an eye examination to determine if you’re nearsighted.

First, the eye doctor or surgeon will check as you read letters on an eye chart simulating different distances. Then the eye doctor or surgeon will ask you to look through a variety of lenses to correct your vision, progressively making close objects appear more clearly.

Nearsightedness treatment in Toronto

Today, nearsightedness treatment options are no longer limited to prescription eyewear, like eyeglasses and contact lenses — and the lifestyle and occupational constraints they pose. Our doctors have seen and treated countless cases of myopia, always with the goal of providing the best possible quality of life and vision health. Now, you can see at a distance — no matter how far, as much as is possible with the human eye.

We can correct and restore nearsighted vision through these cutting-edge treatments:

  • Custom Bladeless LASIK: The most popular myopia treatment, LASIK involves creating flap in the cornea, then using a laser to remove its inner layers and flatten its shape to restore 20/20 vision at a distance.
  • Custom PRK: Treats nearsighted vision by removing the epithelium, then uses a laser to reshape the cornea, and allows the epithelium to grow back naturally according to the new shape of your cornea.
  • ReLEX Smile: This bladeless and flapless approach is a gentle refractive surgery using only a single femtosecond laser to create a small incision for accessing the cornea and removing lens tissue, resulting in myopia correction.

Myopia treatment offers life-changing benefits that come with being able to see at a distance, and without the constraints of prescription eyewear.

What is the main cause of myopia?

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is caused by a number of different factors including genetics and environment.

Should I wear glasses all the time if I'm nearsighted?

This depends on the amount of myopia and your doctor's recommendation. Consult your eyecare professional for advice

Does too much screen time contribute to myopia?

Research has found that children who spend more time indoors and on screens are more likely to have myopia progression

Is it normal to be nearsighted?

Nearsightedness describes the inability to see distance without corrective lenses. If a person is nearsighted, they can consult their eyecare professional and corrective lenses can be prescribed. Laser Vision Correction is also an option to reduce dependency on corrective lenses for adults with stable prescriptions

It is better to be nearsighted or farsighted?

One is not better than the other. It simply means people with farsightedness can see better for far distances, and people with nearsightedness can see better at near. Corrective lenses or surgery are options to correct both

Dear Dr. Kranemann, Many thanks in the nice, smooth and trouble free cataract surgery you carried out on both my eyes at Clearview Institute. I would like also to extend my thanks to all the staff of clearview. They are efficient, kind hearted and very helpful.J.T.
Dr. Kranemann is exceptionally intelligent and experienced. He is passionate about achieving perfect results for his patients, and proved it by correcting my father’s vision perfectly. We are very happy and grateful and highly recommend Dr. Kranemann.B.A.
Had the new vision correction procedure SMILE. WOW is all I can say. Life without glasses is amazing. Great surgeon and medical staff. Will refer his expertise on to family and friends.D.C.
Canadian Ophthalmological Society
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